Kali Linux 2018: Windows Penetration Testing by Wolf Halton

Kali Linux 2018: Windows Penetration Testing by Wolf Halton

Author:Wolf Halton
Language: eng
Format: epub
Tags: COM053000 - COMPUTERS / Security / General, COM043050 - COMPUTERS / Security / Networking, COM046000 - COMPUTERS / Operating Systems / General
Publisher: Packt Publishing
Published: 2018-11-12T07:15:13+00:00


In the preceding screenshot, we can see that we have captured the Administrator login from the \\WIN10-01 workstation. This was captured when the user logged on to the domain from the workstation. Notice this is a NTLMv2 hash, which is a salted NTLMv1 hash. A salted hash is basically a re-hashed hash. During the challenge and response part of the SMB login, a 16-bit random hash value is exchanged. The NTLMv1 56-bit hash is then hashed with this random value. This new hash, which is then transmitted to the server, is the NTLMv2 hash value. Since the salt is a random value, the captured v2 hash is non-replayable, but the good news is that programs, such as good old John the Ripper or Hashcat, can crack these hashes offline. They just can't be used in a Pass the Hash style attack.

In the following screenshot, we have the login for LAB1\rred. Again, this is from the user logging into the domain, and the non-replayable NTLMv2 hash is captured again. After both captures, you will notice, a few lines down, that Responder again captures the login, but doesn't repeat it onscreen. It is still logged to the log file as a separate hash. In the log file, you can see when the challenge and response hash changes from the non-replayable changes in the file. The actual password has not changed, but the challenge and response hashes have changed between responses:



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